Mommies Corner

Correlation vs Covariance All You Need To Know

  • April 26, 2021

Correlation meaning in Accounting

This is because working out for long hours can exhaust the body and result in weight loss, which ultimately results in a lower BMI. Therefore, the time spent at the gym and BMI are negatively correlated in a causal way. In the corresponding scatter plot, temperature is being treated as the independent variable along the horizontal axis, while ice cream Correlation meaning in Accounting sales is being treated as the dependent variable along the vertical axis. Yvonne is a good student, but at times she doesn’t get enough sleep. She hypothesizes that when she gets more sleep she does better on tests. To test her hypothesis, she tracked how she did on a number of tests, based on how many hours of sleep she got on the night previous.

Some investors believe that a lower correlation amongst stocks is a good opportunity to invest in companies as fundamentals are driving stock prices instead of economic policies that affect the most of the stock market. Correlation is a statistical measure of how two variables move in relation to each other. This measure ranges from -1 to +1, where -1 indicates perfect negative correlation and +1 indicates perfect positive correlation. In addition, it could potentially generate more consistent returns over the long-term and help reduce overall portfolio volatility.

Subscribe to the Investor Junkie Newsletter!

Correlation is a statistic that measures the degree to which two variables move in relation to each other. Now that you would have got some idea about what both these terms mean let’s see the differences between correlation vs covariance. Investor Junkie does attempt to take a reasonable and good faith approach to maintain objectivity towards providing referrals that are in the best interest of readers. An important concept to understand when you’re building a portfolio as it can help you choose your investments in a way that strikes the right balance of risk vs. reward. When two assets have zero correlation, it means they have no relationship with one another whatsoever.

  • Understanding the correlation of any assets you own can help you diversify your portfolio and reduce volatility.
  • The closer to 0 the correlation coefficient is, the weaker the results.
  • Is a useful financial measure that describes how the prices of different assets move with respect to each other.
  • Alternatively, a small sample size may yield uncorrelated findings when the two variables are in fact linked.
  • Always keep investment objectives — and your own tolerance for risk — in mind.

Zero correlation means that there is no relationship between the two variables. Chart of changes of financial loss and annual growth rate of A-share listed companies from 2015 to 2020. Furthermore, long-term data should be selected as samples for the study of volatility, so as to more comprehensively reflect the volatility and correlation characteristics of China’s stock market. An additional implication from this study concerns investments that are already in the portfolio. Once an investment is added, there is usually no further attention devoted to the correlation.


However, the 2007–08 crisis was less a matter of a particular correlation model, but rather an issue of “irrational complacency”. In the extremely benign time period from 2003 to 2006, proper hedging, proper risk management and stress test results were largely ignored.

Correlation meaning in Accounting

Due to their similarity in use, both terms are often used interchangeably to convey the same thing. However, in reality, both the terms are very different and come into use differently. To better understand the meaning and usage of both terms, we need to see the differences between correlation vs covariance. And you’re even more likely to see changes in the correlation between two assets in volatile and unpredictable markets. This is why many experts recommend keeping a portion of your portfolio in cash at all times in addition to investments that may have a correlation with one another.

Leave feedback about this